Authors: Maria Concetta Sergio, Simona Ricciardi, Andrea M. Guarino, Laura Giaquinto, Maria Antonietta De Matteis
Sources: Trends In Cell Biology
The molecular mechanisms underlying SARS-CoV-2 host cell invasion and life cycle have been studied extensively in recent years, with a primary focus on viral entry and internalization with the aim of identifying antiviral therapies. By contrast, our understanding of the molecular mechanisms involved in the later steps of the coronavirus life cycle is relatively limited. In this review, we describe what is known about the host factors and viral proteins involved in the replication, assembly, and egress phases of SARS-CoV-2, which induce significant host membrane rearrangements. We also discuss the limits of the current approaches and the knowledge gaps still to be addressed.