Combined exome and whole transcriptome sequencing identifies a de novo intronic SRCAP variant causing DEHMBA syndrome with severe sleep disorder

Authors: Silvia Morlino, Lorenzo Vaccaro, Maria Pia Leone, Grazia Nardella, Luigi Bisceglia, Rocco Pio Ortore, Giannandrea Verzicco, Lazzaro Cassano, Marco Castori, Davide Cacchiarelli & Lucia Micale
Year: 2024
Sources: Journal of Human Genetics

Rare heterozygous variants in exons 33-34 of the SRCAP gene are associated with Floating-Harbor syndrome and have a dominant-negative mechanism of action. At variance, heterozygous null alleles falling in other parts of the same gene cause developmental delay, hypotonia, musculoskeletal defects, and behavioral abnormalities (DEHMBA) syndrome. We report an 18-year-old man with DEHMBA syndrome and obstructive sleep apnea, who underwent exome sequencing (ES) and whole transcriptome sequencing (WTS) on peripheral blood. Trio analysis prioritized the de novo heterozygous c.5658+5 G > A variant. WTS promptly demostrated four different abnormal transcripts affecting >40% of the reads, three of which leading to a frameshift. This study demonstrated the efficacy of a combined ES-WTS approach in solving undiagnosed cases. We also speculated that sleep respiratory disorder may be an underdiagnosed complication of DEHMBA syndrome.


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